美国Dayton Daily News报道截图
《China’s construction binge spreads to Americas, rattles US》（Dayton Daily News）
China’s expansion in Latin America of its Belt and Road initiative to build ports and other trade-related facilities is stirring alarm in Washington over Beijing’s ambitions in a region that American leaders since the 19th century have seen as off-limits to other powers.
China is hardly a newcomer to the region, but now it’s focusing on countries in Central America such as Panama. It’s a country of just 4 million people but its canal linking the Atlantic and Pacific oceans makes it one of the world’s busiest trade arteries and strategically important both to Washington and Beijing.
As American officials express alarm at Beijing’s ambitions in the U.S.-dominated Western Hemisphere, China has launched a charm offensive, wooing Panamanian politicians, professionals and journalists.
The Chinese ambassador, a Spanish-speaking Latin American veteran, has been talking up the benefits of Belt and Road on TV and Twitter. Beijing has flown professionals and journalists on junkets to China. It seems to be paying off.
Chinese President Xi Jinping’s signature foreign initiative, Belt and Road is building railways, ports, power plants and other projects in dozens of countries around the globe. But the U.S., Japan, Russia, India and other governments fret that Beijing is gaining economic and strategic influence at their expense.
“A strong U.S. reaction, whether it is obvious in public or not, is coming,” said Matt Ferchen, an expert on China-Latin America relations at the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center in Beijing.
北京卡内基 – 清华中心的中拉关系问题专家马特•菲尔岑表示，“美国的强烈反应，无论是否在公众场合显而易见，都将到来。”
Panama’s leaders see China as a source of trade and investment but want to avoid conflict with Washington. Varela has said Panama’s relationship with China “will not affect relations with our strategic partner.”
China has proposed building a high-speed rail line from Panama City to the town of David near its western border with Costa Rica.
So far, projects awarded to Chinese contractors — the canal bridge, a cruise ship dock and a convention center — have been paid for by the Panamanian government. The country has yet to receive Chinese loans.
到目前为止，授予中国承包商的项目 – 运河桥，游轮码头和会议中心 – 已由巴拿马支付。该国尚未获得中国贷款。